Dental Education
Online Dental Education Dental education lectures and videos Online dental ce Dental education articles Expert dental educators Dental products education Dental Community
 
Dental Publication / Article Details

Periodontal Probing: Probe Tip Diameter Periodontal Probing: Probe Tip Diameter

Author(s):

Lee H. Silverstein, DDS, MS, FACD, FICD;Jerry J.Garnich

Date Added:

1/1/2000


Summary:

Background: Periodontal probing is one of the most common methods used in diagnosing periodontal disease. The purpose of this study was to determine the importance of the diameter of periodontal probing tips in diagnosing and evaluating periodontal disease. Methods: The literature discussing periodontal probe diameters in human, dog, and monkey studies was reviewed and compared. Tip diameters varied from 0.4 to over 1.0 mm in these studies. Probe advancement between the gingiva and the tooth is determined by the pressure exerted on the gingival tissues and resistance from the healthy or inflamed tissue. The pressure is directly proportionate to the force on the probe and inversely proportionate to the probe tip diameter. The larger probing diameters reduced probe advancement into inflamed connective tissue. This effect of change in probe diameter reduced the pressure in a greater manner than an increase of similar change in probe force. Results: In the studies reviewed, the pressure used to place the probe tip at the base of the periodontal sulcus/pocket was approximately 50 N/cm2 and at the base of the junctional epithelium, 200 N/cm2. A tip diameter of 0.6 mm was needed to reach the base of the pocket. Clinical inflammation did not necessarily reflect the severity of histological inflammation, and the recordings may not illustrate probing depth. Furthermore, probing depth did not identify anatomical locations at the base of the pocket. Conclusions: Probe tips need to have a diameter of 0.6 mm and a 0.20 gram force (50 N/cm2) to obtain a pressure which demonstrates approximate probing depth. This pressure was needed to measure the reduction of clinical probing depth, which included formation of a long junctional epithelium as a result of therapy. In addition, different forces or diameter tips are needed to measure healthy or inflamed histological periodontal probing depths. J Periodontol 2000;71:96-103.

Related Articles
Dental Implants: Oral Hygiene and Maintenance

Dental Implants: Oral Hygiene and Maintenance
Proper monitoring and maintenance is essential to ensure the longevity of the dental implant and its associated restoration through a combination of appropriate professional care and effective patient oral hygiene. Gregori M Kurtzman and Lee H Silverstein explain the protocols for the dental team

Author(s): Lee H. Silverstein, DDS, MS, FACD, FICD;Gregori M. Kurtzman, DDS
View Article>>
Healing of Gingival Recessions Using a Collagen Membrane with a Demineralized Xenograft

Healing of Gingival Recessions Using a Collagen Membrane with a Demineralized Xenograft
A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial

Author(s): Daniele Cardaropoli, DDS
View Article>>
Clinical and Microbiological Effects of Local Tetracycline Irrigation on Periodontitis

Clinical and Microbiological Effects of Local Tetracycline Irrigation on Periodontitis
This investigation was conducted on seven individuals referred for treatment of moderate adult periodontitis. Twenty-eight sites with an average probing depth of 5.6 ± 0.9 mm were evaluated. One tooth per jaw quadrant was randomly assigned to receive one of the following treatments: (I) no treatment, i.e., control; (II) saline irrigation; (III) tetracycline irrigation and (IV) scaling and root planing (SC/RP). A plaque control program was instituted one week prior to the experimental period and reinforced…

Author(s): Lee H. Silverstein, DDS, MS, FACD, FICD;Nabil Bissada, M. Manouchehr-Pour, Henry Greenwell
View Article>>
Related Videos
Effective Treatment for Herpetic or Traumatized Oral Lesions Premium Member Content

Effective Treatment for Herpetic or Traumatized Oral Lesions
In this tip of the week, Dr. Sergio Rubinstein shares his clinical experience with Proginicin in the treatment of herpetic or ulcerative oral lesions and soft tissue healing.

Presented By:: David Garber, DMD;Sergio Rubinstein, DDS
Presentation Style: Video
Community Rating:
 
Watch Now>>
The Choice and Utilization of Therapeutic Agents in Dentistry - Part 4 Premium Member Content

The Choice and Utilization of Therapeutic Agents in Dentistry - Part 4
Dr. Jacobsen continues the discussion on the treatment of oral ulcers as well as the various choices and uses of antiviral agents within dental therapy.

Presented By:: Peter L. Jacobsen, PhD, DDS
Presentation Style: Lecture
Community Rating:
 
Watch Now>>
Papilla Preservation and Tunneling Technique in Root Coverage - Part 2: The Use of AlloDerm Premium Member Content

Papilla Preservation and Tunneling Technique in Root Coverage - Part 2: The Use of AlloDerm
The utilization of AlloDerm techniques in root coverage of multiple adjacent recession defects.

Presented By:: Edward P. Allen, DDS, PhD.
Presentation Style: Video
Community Rating:
 
Watch Now>>
Related Courses
Therapeutic Agents in Dentistry: Choosing and Utilizing Wisely Premium Member Content

Therapeutic Agents in Dentistry: Choosing and Utilizing Wisely
Latest in therapeutics presented by a speaker with oral medicine/pharmacology background. Covers antibiotic/antifungal/antiviral agents for dental/orofacial infections.

Presented By:: Peter L. Jacobsen, PhD, DDS
Presentation Style: Online Self-Study Course
CE Hours: 1 CEU (Continuing Education Unit)
Watch Now>>
Non-Surgical Periodontal Therapy: Decision Making in the 21st Century Premium Member Content

Non-Surgical Periodontal Therapy: Decision Making in the 21st Century
Non-surgical periodontal therapy is a vital part of everyday dental practice. Since the majority of periodontal therapy is performed by general dentists and dental hygienists, it is critical that clinicians have all of the requisite skills and information needed to perform these services at the highest level possible. The purpose of this presentation is to provide the latest evidence- and practice- based information on periodontal debridement and adjunctive therapies that can improve patient outcomes. Though surgical procedures may still need to be performed in some sites, the majority of inflammatory periodontal disease can be eliminated or reduced significantly using the techniques and protocols discussed in this educational segment on non-surgical periodontal therapy.

Presented By:: Connie L. Drisko, DDS
Presentation Style: Online Self-Study Course
CE Hours: 1 CEU (Continuing Education Credit)
Watch Now>>
Download Now

Important!

To view this dental publication or article, you must be a registered user of Dental XP. If you are already a member, click here to login.

Registration is free and only takes several minutes. Dental XP will never spam you, or sell your information.

Join For Free







Contact Us | Privacy Policy | Terms of Use
©2019

Preferred Language: English Flag
Contact Us · Login ·